Quick Facts: Iranian Politics
Official Name: Islamic Republic of Iran
Legal System: Iran bases its legal system on the Constitution of 1979, which was amended in 1989.
- 290-member Majlis-e-Shuray-e Islami (National Assembly)
- The 12 member Guardian Council must approve all candidates for the Majlis; the supreme leader (rahbar) appoints six members and the judiciary appoints six members
- The Guardian Council must approve Majlis legislation
- The Expediency Council mediates between the Majlis and the Guardian Council
Electoral System: There is universal adult suffrage for elections to the Majlis, to the Assembly of Experts (the body that chooses the rahbar), and for the presidency.
National elections: Iran holds legislative elections in March and Presidential elections in June.
The Supreme Leader (rahbar): Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Head of State: The head of state is the President. He is elected for a four-year term with a maximum of two terms.
Key Leadership Positions:
- Head of Presidential Office
- Culture & Islamic guidance
- Economy & Finance
- Foreign Affairs
- Industries & Mines
- Information (intelligence)
- Labor & Social Affairs
- Speaker of the Majlis
- Head of the Supreme National Security Council
- Head of the Management & Planning Organization
- Head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization
- Central Bank Governor
This page last modified in August 2008